Winterizing new evergreens and trees
Wrap new trees (saplings)
We recommend new trees are wrapped with a protective tree wrap or vinyl guards end of October to help protect against sunscald and frost crack. If you tree does experience winter damage it’s not necessarily terminal for the tree but can increase chances of disease and insect damage. The wrap can also help deter animal damage during winter.
Make sure you wrap up to the first tier of branches coming out of the truck and slightly overlap the wrap as you go up the tree.
Remove the wrap in spring after freezing temps have passed because you don’t want to trap moisture and heat when it warms up. There are some wraps that state they can be used all year-round so read packages before keeping on all year. This should be continued every year until the bark begins to thicken and roughen.
These trees have higher chances of winter damage if not wrapped due to their thin bark when saplings: apple, beech, crabapple, elm, horse chestnut, linden, oak, walnut, and willow.
Guard your evergreens against the harsh winter weather (and animal damage!)
We love the addition of evergreens to almost any yard. The year-round texture, color and refuge for wildlife is something you can’t replicate with other trees. Plus they look great covered in fresh snow and holiday lights.
The same winter weather and snow that contrasts nicely with our beautiful green and picturesque evergreens can actually do damage to evergreens. Here are some tips to protect yours, designed to guard against the drying and damaging affects of winter.
The last two tips are included for those of you who may have experienced damage in previous years and/or added new, unestablished evergreens.
1. Water thoroughly until freeze up.
Keep your evergreens well hydrated throughout the year. Continue to provide ample moisture through October and possibly part of November until the ground freezes. Read our Guide to Watering if you need a refresher.
Surround evergreens with a fresh layer of insulating mulch to regulate the soil temperature and seal in moisture. Once the ground freezes, the roots cannot replace lost water, and sun and wind can deplete it from the foliage, a double whammy for your evergreens.
3. Spray with Wilt Stop®
Evergreen leaves have more surface from which to lose water, so they are more susceptible to winter desiccation (drying). This can be prevented with an anti-desiccant spray like Wilt Stop that helps to seal in moisture and protect your broad- and narrow-leafed evergreens.
Wilt Stop is it is natural and non-toxic— made from the resin of pine trees—and it forms a soft, clear and flexible barrier over foliage to prevent your evergreen from drying out.
4. Create a barrier against wind with burlap ( this can also help with animal damage )
If the evergreens are planted on the south or southwest side of your home, they may be getting the worst of the winter winds and scalding winter sun, a sometimes damaging combination for our evergreens. If your trees suffered substantial damage last year and/or you anticipate a particularly harsh winter, you can construct a burlap barrier.
Post sturdy metal or wooden stakes at an angle around the evergreen trees, then wrap with burlap, making sure to keep the top open for light and air flow. The natural, porous fiber of the burlap or similar fabric allows some wind to pass through, making it resilient enough to withstand the wind, but minimizing the strongest, coldest gusts from reaching your evergreen. This can also minimize the accumulation of large amounts of drifting, damaging snow. When the snow starts to accumulate in the winter it helps keep rabbits from being up to sneak under and munch on your plant when they are wanting to start eating anything they can find. Use of animal repellents is also recommended if you have a large number of animals around your home.
5. Buddy-tie your tree.
This is the same philosophy that is used when we buddy-tape a weaker, sprained or broken finger to a stronger one for support.
Many evergreens and other trees have multiple leaders, or two dominant branches or sides of growth. On their own, they can be more susceptible to breakage from heavy snow and ice, especially at the point just above the crotch of the tree or the area where the trunk branches into two.
By joining the two leaders approximately halfway up from the weak crotch area, you give them more stability and strength. You can use strips of strong cloth (the rest of your burlap, perhaps) or nylon stockings for the bind, just be sure to remove them before spring growth to allow movement and prevent girdling.